1. Narrative: Analyzing and imitating short narratives from history and mythology, identifying the components, attributes . and modes of a narrative. Practice in condensing, expanding and slanting narratives using vivid diction, imagery, dialogue, and credible details.
2. Description (Ekphrasis): Learning to create vivid descriptions of people, things, places, time, and actions. Learning to order the details of description. Examining the role of sentence variety in writing style. Identifying the different types of sentences.
3. Fable: Examining fable structure. Manipulating fables to be condensed, expanded, slanted. Presenting a fable inductively as well as deductively.
4. Proverb: Studying maxims and sententia, and identifying their themes. Using a proverb as a component of an essay to relate to personal experience or a modern issue.
5. Anecdote (Chreia): Using a story about a famous person to illustrate a point in an essay. Identifying verbal, action and mixed anecdotes and their uses.
6. Encomium and Invective: Praising or blaming a given subject, usually a person. Controlling levels of English usage, analyzing uses of pathos, ethos and logos.
7. Comparison: Comparing a given subject with another subject. Practice using techniques of transition.
8. Common topic (Commonplace): Explaining the good or evil that a person represents.
9. Speech-in-Character (êthopoiia): Inventing dialogue which a given person might have made on a specified occasion. Chronology of progression of ideas.
10. Confirmation and Refutation: Arguing for or against an issue in question. Analyzing the truth of a statement. Inventing and arranging arguments according to probability and clarity. Identifying biased and fallacious statements.
11. Thesis: Inquiring through reason into a debatable question, which argues a general point. Writing and supporting a thesis statement.
12. Proposal of law: Arguing for or against a legislative proposal. This we save for the Advanced Placement United States Government class.